Disaster First Aid Rapid Multi-casualty Triage
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About Multi-Casualty and Mass-Casualty Disaster Triage:  How to do the most good for the most people.
WHAT IS DFA?
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Disaster First Aid Rapid Triage is a fast, compact, simple, and very specific system for identifying and classifying injured people into four groups or levels of priority. As each one is triaged (which takes from 10 to 30 seconds each) they are given specific, brief, essential treatments as needed, and tagged with their severity level for subsequent care. The Triager moves from person to person until all are looked at quickly and given the critical first-action treatments. More care will be given next, after rapid triage is done and professional help is being requested.

The DFA triage system is directly related to the principles and procedures of S.T.A.R.T. Triage system which was created in 1983 by doctors and nurses of Hoag Memorial hospital and firefighters of Newport Beach California Fire Department. DFA Rapid triage contains all the same components of START, but is different in that DFA Rapid Triage is simpler, quicker, set in plain non-medical language, and designed for citizen, volunteer, and non-professional helper/rescuers.

Disaster triage could be described as "choosing the best of the worst" because we are giving first priority to those who will actually benefit from it most - those who are significantly injured but have a chance to survive and recover IF they get help soon.

We don't give first/highest priority to the ones with minor injuries, because waiting will not change their outcome. We don't give it to the moderate injuries, because waiting usually will not change their outcome. We don't give it to the deceased, because waiting will not change their outcome. We give first priority to those where it makes the critical difference. Triage identifies those individuals for us. We do not have to diagnose or decide.

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